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|11-27-2008, 10:35 AM||#1|
Past perfect continuous tenseالزمن الماضي المستمر التام
[had been + present participle]
You had been waiting there for more than two hours when
she finally arrived.
Had you been waiting there for more than two hours when she finally arrived?
You had not been waiting there for more than two hours when she finally
We use the Past Perfect continuous to show that something
started in the
past and continued up until another time in the past. "For five minutes"
and "for two weeks" are both durations which can be used with the past
Perfect Continuous. Notice that this is related to the Present Perfect
Continuous; however, the duration does not continue until now, it stops
before something else in the past.
They had been talking for over an hour before Tony arrived.
She had been working at that company for three years when it went out of
How long had you been waiting to get on the bus?
Mike wanted to sit down because he had been standing all day at work.
James had been teaching at the university for more than a year before he
left for Asia.
A: How long had you been studying Turkish before you moved to Ankara?
B: I had not been studying Turkish very long.
Using the Past Perfect Continuous
before another action in the past is a good
way to show cause and effect
Jason was tired because he had been jogging.
Sam gained weight because he had been overeating.
Betty failed the final test because she had not been attending class.
Past Continuous vs. Past Perfect Continuous
If you do not include a duration such as "for five minutes," "for two weeks"
or "since Friday," many English speakers choose to use the Past Continuous
rather than the Past Perfect Continuous. Be careful because this can change
the meaning of the sentence. Past Continuous emphasizes interrupted
actions, whereas Past Perfect Continuous emphasizes a duration of time
before something in the past. Study the examples
below to understand the
He was tired because he was exercising so hard.
This sentence emphasizes that he was tired because he was exercising at
that exact moment.
He was tired because he had been exercising so hard.
This sentence emphasizes that he was tired because he had been exercising
over a period of time. It is possible that he was still exercising at that
moment OR that he had just finished.
REMEMBER Non-Continuous Verbs / Mixed Verbs
It is important to remember that Non-Continuous Verbs
cannot be used in
any continuous tenses. Also, certain non-continuous meanings for Mixed
Verbs cannot be used in continuous tenses. Instead of using Past Perfect
Continuous with these verbs, you must use Past Perfect.
The motorcycle had been belonging to George for years
before Tina bought
it. Not Correct
The motorcycle had belonged to George for years before Tina bought it.
The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as:
always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.
You had only been waiting there for a few minutes when she arrived.
Had you only been waiting there for a few minutes when she arrived?
ACTIVE / PASSIVE
Chef Jones had been preparing the restaurant's fantastic dinners for two
years before he moved to Paris. Active
The restaurant's fantastic dinners had been being prepared by Chef Jones for
two years before he moved to Paris.
NOTE: Passive forms of the Past Perfect Continuous
are not common.
المصدر: منتديات مزاج كافيه
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|الكلمات الدليلية (Tags)|
|الماضي, المستمر, امثال, continuous, past, perfect, tenseالزمن|
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|دروس لتعلم اللغه الانجليزيه (here you can learn English)||Hu$iEn||English Forum||4||11-27-2008 10:30 AM|
|The simple past tense زمن الماضي البسيط||Hu$iEn||English Forum||0||11-25-2008 04:41 PM|